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Frankly, Robert Suurhof has an untold interest by taking Minke to that house. He attempts to show Minke on how white people can easily get Annelis. Unfortunately, he is failed to get Annelis attention. In the other hands, Annelis welcomed Minke thoughtfully. The first meeting has changed both of their life after all. Both Annelis and Minke fall for each other and promise to meet more often afterwards.
Later on, Minke starts to know the Mellemas family deeper. Annelis mother, Nyai Ontosoroh is a pure Javanese who had been forcedly married to Herman Mellema by her own parents. In other words, Nyai Ontosoroh was being sold to the Dutch for several amount of money. Life was never easy for her since that moment. She had to serve Herman Mellema as a compulsion.
Several years later, Herman Mellema kindly married her illegally. Their relationship was getting better and they were having two children from that marriage. They run a family company together with patient and affection until the company was becoming greater. Nyai is a fast learner and smart native woman.
From his husband, she learns about European civilization and modernity. It makes her able to speak in Dutch and knowing well about how to manage the company professionally. She learns west culture outstandingly but still be proud of his ancestors culture. It makes her becoming an xvii educated and honorable Javanese woman even her statues is not a legal wife of Herman Mellema. However, an unfinished case with his real family in Netherlands has made Herman Mellema losing his judicious as a family man.
When his son from Netherlands came to Wonokromo and sued him because of his irresponsibility in deserting his family in Netherlands, Mellema turned as a whole different man then. Right away after that, he irresponsibly left the house, his wife and his children, Annelis and Robert Mellema. He was later trapped in the brothels house near Wonokromo.
After he left, Nyai Ontosoroh took over the family business and developed it bigger than ever. Annelis was being raised well by Nyai until she grown up as a smart girl who helps her mother running the family business.
Because of the great cooperation between Ann and her mother, the Boerderij Buitenzorg Company is leading in producing qualified livestock goods in Surabaya.
Nyai is a tough, smart and open minded woman who struggles to live her family independently after deserted by Herman Mellema previous years before Minke stepped in that house.
However, she still kept a deep revenge on some people in her past life including both of her parents. She really loves Minke and permits him to have a relationship with Annelis. She even asks Minke to stay in the Boerderij Buitenzorg whenever he wants to.
She also the one who reminds Minke to always be proud of ancestors culture and never take for granted Europeans culture. Different with his mother and his sister who accept Minke hospitably, Robert Mellema, who xviii never regards Nyai Ontosoroh as his mother because she is a native, reacts inconveniently with the existence of Minke in his house. He never accepts Minke as the Mellemas guest because he thinks that native people will never deserve the equal position with the European.
As time flies, Minke spends more time in Boerderij Buitenzorg and rarely back to his boarding house. As a consequence, people around start in gossiping Minke who lives in the Boerderij Buitenzorg without any bond with Mellemas family.
Later on, Minke is accused as Nyai Ontosorohs new man. The rumor spreads out quite fast in Wonokromo and finally arrives in Minkes home. His father, a major in the city B is terribly mad when he heard something shameful about his son.
Keluarga Gerilya by Pramoedya Ananta Toer
After that, Minke is forced to come back home and is judged by his own father with a string of unproved accusations. His father claims that Minke has tarnished the family name and pride. However, it does not make Minke say apologize to his father. Meanwhile, he is angry back to his father and finally decides to never come back home. Minke is disappointed with his father who only considers about his self pride-importance and prefers to disbelieve his own son.
Start over that, his disappointment toward Javanese culture is getting bigger.
He strongly opposes the feudalism that still exists among Javanese people where everyone is crazy about position and self-pride. Minke still runs his life well after having quarrel with his father. He starts to stay more often in the Boerderij Buitenzorg. Therefore, it makes his relationship and Annelis is becoming closer day by day.
Hence, Nyai Ontosoroh encourages them to xix bond in a legal marriage in order to keep the negative rumor away of them. Subsequently, the marriage is conducted with the consent from both of the family.
Minkes mother comes to the marriage for supporting his son while his father keeps on staying away. Life is so lovely for Minke and Annelis until a letter come one day.
Maurits claims that Nyai Ontosoroh and the whole family do not deserve to acknowledge and own the Boerderij Buitenzorg property because she is not the legal wife of Herman Mellema. Not to mention, he also proposes to take Annelis under his guidance by bringing Annelis to Netherlands. It is indeed a serious test to Minkes marriage. Later on, a series of court session has passed by Nyai Ontosoroh.
Fortunately, she gets a lot of support from the native society during the court sessions. However, it cannot help Nyai Ontosoroh to win the claim. Almost all the Boerderij Buitenzorg property is taken.
2-Pramoedya Ananta Toer-Anak Semua Bangsa.pdf
It worsens by the withdrawal of Annelis from her legal spouse. Maurits Mellema and the Dutch court forcedly take Annelis away in the middle of her sickness. Minke cannot accept the Dutch court verdict in taking Annelis away of him. Thus, those sequence sorrows finally wake Minke up that Dutch and many other European has brought misery to his nation and his family in particular. He starts to think over about what he had done previously.
Eventually, his suffrage movement is begun right away after that. Themes 1. Nationalism From the novel, the writer captures a nationalism values as a big theme delivered by Pram. He implicitly delivers the importance of nationalism to keep the spirit and willing in building the nation. It is indeed true that without nationalism, loyalty and sense of belonging toward their country, people will not be triggered to build their nation.
However, it could be so hard to keep the spirit of nationalism in the middle of Dutch invasion when multi cultures entering Indonesia. It is reflected in Minkes life as the main character in this novel. Pramoedya carries out nationalism values through some characters perspectives. The writer discovers the character Minke, an educated Javanese man who grows up among the European civilization to be the one who has European-minded and really proud of being that.
He gradually abandons his own culture and put his nationalism away because he thinks the European culture has upgraded his level as human. Meanwhile, the writer sees the real nationalism through Nyai Ontosoroh, an xxi open minded Javanese woman who is able to keep her nationalism and ancestors pride inside her veins as well as her ability in mastering western civilization.
Furthermore, the writer also finds the nationalism inside the character of Jean Marais toward Indonesia. Jean is a French friend of Minke. He strongly opposes most of Europeans who have ripped away the joy of countless innocent people in Indonesia and snobbishly place themselves as superior race that is allowed to do anything they want.
He later encourages Minke to build and educate his fellow nationals with the knowledge and ability that he has. Through Jean Marais, we can see the nationalism of foreigner toward Indonesia.
He expresses a sincere loyalty and dedication to a nation that is actually not the one he comes from. Pram also tries to deliver critics about Javanese feudalism that still exist until nowadays. The main character Minke is the one who mostly struggles with the turbulence in his mind when comparing the western especially European culture with his ancestors culture especially when it deals with feudalism and unwritten caste system among Javanese.
The Javanese feudalism teaches people to bend down on the caste system in the society.
People who have more power and belong to the noble family will be honored by their surroundings. Therefore, it makes they feel like a dictatorial king who deserve on taking any actions they want and ignoring elses interest.
This Earth of Mankind (Buru Quartet) by Pramoedya Ananta Toer
This conventional system has been handed over from generation to generation xxii among Javanese neighborhood. Pram voices a sharp critic toward this condition through Minke character. From Minkes perspective, the writer sees that Javanese feudalism will only drag our nation into deterioration and another form of slavery.
Multiculturalism and Pluralism Another theme captured from this novel is pluralism and multiculturalism. As we live in the earth of mankind and become a part of worlds society, we see the fact that we run a diverse and complex life. We live in this world altogether with various people in different races around the globe.
The world indeed consists of multi-fragmented society that place human in different layer of classes. In this novel, Pram tries to state that we cannot avoid the differentiation existed in this world. Thus, he does not deny the categorization of superior and subordinate community. Pram himself distanced himself from the works that he wrote during his young days, describing them in cerpen pramoedya ananta toer interview as: Still that is not a reason at the moment to deprive people of the true events of their own history.
I am happy that I read it, that I know more cerpen pramoedya ananta toer what happened in the country I was born in. Originally created and recited orally while the author was imprisoned by the postcolonial government and denied access to writing materials, this novel is the first part of a quartet.
The story is told by Minke, who is about 16 when it begins and an aspiring writer. The descendent of Javanese nobles although the reader doesn't cerpen pramoedya ananta toer this as firstMinke is a Native, in the terminology of the time, below the Indos Indo-Europeans, who are half Indonesian and half Europeanwho in turn are below the Pures or white Europeans, largely Dutch.
Nonetheless, he has been allowed to attend an elite Dutch school where he is the only Native, and has been influenced by his teachers' emphasis on the ideals of European cerpen pramoedya ananta toer.
The school is in Surabaya, which Wikipedia tells me is now Indonesia's second largest city, although it seems to be a pretty sleepy town in this novel; Minke boards with a couple there. As the novel begins, Minke is taken by a friend to visit a house that lies out of town and just down the road from a Chinese brothel.
There lives a Nyai, or concubine, a Native woman who lives with a European man without being married, her beautiful daughter Annalies, and her son Robert. As Minke's friend hangs out with the son, Minke comes to know both Annalies and the mother, and they warmly encourage him to return, as Annalies has no other friends.
The mother, who cerpen pramoedya ananta toer by Nyai, but asks Minke to call her Mama, is a remarkable woman.As equal human that have the same right to live in the earth of mankind, we should fight for something that we deserve for. He tries so hard to continue his life afterwards.
Pram voices a sharp critic toward this condition through Minke character. Minke cannot accept the Dutch court verdict in taking Annelis away of him. Jean is a French friend of Minke. It makes her becoming an xvii educated and honorable Javanese woman even her statues is not a legal wife of Herman Mellema.
Is it possible to take from a man his right to speak to himself? He really adores western civilization as it is reflected on the way he is able to speak in Dutch fluently rather Bahasa Indonesia and Javanese.